Bureaucratic management

More recent theorist think that earlier theorist misread Weber and distorted his views.

Bureaucratic Management Theory by Max Weber

These rules apply to everyone from to bottom of the organization and must be strictly followed. After reading you will understand the basics of bureaucratic management and you can use this as a powerful management tool.

Dedication and commitment of the employee are not considered. Bureaucratic management is suitable for government organisations. The level of work complexity in the roles must be matched with the level of human capability of the role holders Elliott Jaques identified maximum 8 Levels of human capability.

From the C-suite, communication flows further downward in successive management levels, until it reaches the lowest levels of the hierarchy; often, these are the hourly workers that have limited opportunities to inform, criticize or feed information upward.

He believed that bureaucrats are more likely to defend their own entrenched interests than to act to benefit the organization as a whole but that pride in their craft makes them resistant to changes in established routines.

The hiring decision should be based solely on their experience and expertise. His ideal-typical bureaucracy, whether public or private, is characterized by: The characteristics of bureaucracy include a well defined formal hierarchy and chain of command might by rules and regulation, division of labor and work managers should maintain an impersonal relationship which eyes competencenot personality ,is the basic fro job appointment and formal written records.

Too much importance is given to the technical qualifications of the employees for promotion and transfers. This is whereby jobs are broken down into simple routine and well defined task.

Bureaucratic Theory by Max Weber

It is also unfortunate that employees remain fairly distanced from each other and the organisation, making them less loyal. The first characteristic of bureaucratic management theory is job specialization Armstrong, Official views are free from any personal involvement, emotions and feelings.

Managers have the right to know how their employees are using or abusing their time. This is essentially the trademark and foundation of a bureaucracy. The hierarchy of authority is a system in which different positions are related in order of precedence and in which the highest rung on the ladder has the greatest power.

Legal responsibility According to the bureaucratic theory of Max Weberthree types of power can be found in organizations; traditional power, charismatic power and legal power.

Retrieved [insert date] from ToolsHero: The bureaucratic model may be suitable for government organizations. Max Webera German sociologist; he described a theory to operate an organization in an effective way which is known as the Bureaucratic management approach or Weberian bureaucracy.

Max Weber embellished the scientific management theory with his bureaucratic management theory which is mainly focused on dividing organizations into hierarchies, establishing strong lines of authority and control. There should be no flexible roles.

And if so, what are the exceptions and what can we learn from them.

The Management Theory of Max Weber

Rules and Regulations are well defined and it indicates the duties and rights of the employees. Robbins etal opines that an appointment to an office and the levels of authority that go within, are based solely on the on the grounds of technical competence.


Interpersonal relations are based on positions and not on personalities. How a specific business will fair with a given organizational structure, depends on circumstance, research, leadership, esprit, innovation and, like so many things in life, luck.

Management publications now note that "Bureaucracy is simply unable to cope in this new, rapidly changing world With a strong, forward-looking and efficient leader at the helm, like Amazon's Jeff Bezos, they tend to evolve just as rapidly as flatter organizations, but with less drama.

This list of distinguishing characteristics is linked between each other. It does not give importance to human relations. Merton expanded on Weber's theories of bureaucracy in his work Social Theory and Social Structure, published in Employment and carrier is also another characteristic of bureaucracy Gorge and Jones, organizations such as Zesa uses the principle of employment and carrier whereby all personnel are selected and promoted on the basis of their technical qualifications and offered a full time carrier.

He found different characteristics in bureaucracies that would effectively conduct decision-making, controlling resources, protecting workers and accomplishment of organizational goals. The organisation has a well-defined line of authority.

By dividing work on the basis of specialisation, the organisation directly benefits. According to the bureaucratic theory of Max Weberbureaucracy is the basis for the systematic formation of any organisation and is designed to ensure efficiency and economic effectiveness.

In this sense, the rules and requirements can be considered predictable. Max Weber and Bureaucratic Theory. Weber was born in Germany in and grew up during the time when industrialization was transforming. "Precision, speed, unambiguity, knowledge of files, continuity, discretion, unity, strict subordination, reduction of friction and of material, and personal costs – these are raised to the optimum point in the strictly bureaucratic administration," said Weber.

"Precision, speed, unambiguity, knowledge of files, continuity, discretion, unity, strict subordination, reduction of friction and of material, and personal costs – these are raised to the optimum point in the strictly bureaucratic administration," said Weber. At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations.

Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where. Profit management, he argued, is the most effective method of organization when the services rendered may be checked by economic calculation of profit and loss. When, however, the service in question can not be subjected to economic calculation, bureaucratic management is necessary.

Bureaucratic management theory developed by Max Weber, contained two essential elements, including structuring an organization into a hierarchy and having clearly defined rules to help govern an organization and its members.

Bureaucratic management
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